June 2005 (#68)

In this update:

  • China Risk workshop
  • Transparency International Asia Pacific website launch
  • Queensland Crime and Misconduct Commission releases public sector fraud and corruption guidelines
  • Enforcement of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention
  • In the Wake of Disaster: preventing corruption in tsunami relief and reconstruction
  • Anti-Corruption Handbook

China Risk workshop

Brisbane Transparency International Australia member Ray Bange, was the lead speaker at a recent workshop sponsored by the Australia China Business Council and the Queensland State Development and Innovation Department. Some 100 leading business representatives attended the workshop on Managing Business Risk in China held in Brisbane on Wednesday 8 June 2005. In addition to outlining the work of TI in developing measures such as the CPI and promoting initiatives to counter corruption at national and international levels, Ray outlined a number of areas of potential corruption risk facing businesses operating in China. Participants showed great interest in the practical examples of fraud and corruption that provided at the enterprise and personal levels, and the risk mitigation measures that could be taken. These real life cases were sourced from Ray Bange�s experience working with the Queensland Crime and Misconduct Commission and more than ten years working in Hong Kong both in the private sector and with the Independent Commission Against Corruption, where many best practice strategies were developed which are being replicated worldwide.

Transparency International Asia Pacific website launch

The Transparency International Asia Pacific (TIAP) Website which Asia Pacific chapters decided to develop at the regional meeting in Nairobi in October 2004 has been launched. Asia Pacific based National Chapters have created TIAP, the network for TI in Asia Pacific. The Asia Pacific region represents more than half of the world’s population. China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan rank among the 10 most populous countries. The region is very diverse in terms of cultural, social and political background and has a number of distinct sub-regions. Rapid economic growth in much of East and South East Asia and in India has profound governance implications. However, many Asia Pacific countries suffer from corruption, in some cases endemic. At the same time, there are outstanding examples of transparency and accountability in the region. By working together effectively, both at government and non-governmental levels, regional stakeholders can share best practices in order to reduce corruption. This new development is seen as a positive step in promoting the region through greater networking and information sharing capacities, and greater interaction with stakeholders interested in the work of TI.

Queensland Crime and Misconduct Commission releases public sector fraud and corruption guidelines

The Queensland Crime and Misconduct Commission (CMC) has released a new resource to assist in the development of integrated fraud and corruption control plans. The CMC�s new publication, Fraud and Corruption Control: Guidelines for Best Practice, proposes an integrated approach to controlling fraud and corruption, and provides a comprehensive set of guidelines and practical checklists for use by government agencies. The 10 key elements of an integrated fraud and corruption control strategy include adopting an agency-wide policy, embracing risk management, adopting internal controls and recognising the value of public interest disclosures.

Enforcement of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

A TI report, released in March 2005, shows that a positive start has been made to enforcement of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, with prosecutions or investigations underway in 15 of 24 countries surveyed in a report prepared by Transparency International (TI). But governments need to do more to enforce the laws criminalizing bribery of foreign public officials that came into force in most signatory countries in 1999 and 2000. These are some of the key findings of the TI Progress Report on Enforcement of the OECD Convention. The report is based on information provided by TI national chapters in 24 of the 35 OECD signatory states. These 24 countries account for 95 per cent of OECD exports.

In the Wake of Disaster: preventing corruption in tsunami relief and reconstruction

In the space of a few hours on 26th December 2004, the Indian Ocean tsunami resulted in a humanitarian catastrophe on an unprecedented scale. The disaster left nearly 300,000 dead and thousands of coastal communities destroyed. One estimate of the cost of recovery for the affected region is US$ 11.5 billion (Asian Development Bank Review, April 2005). In response, a massive humanitarian effort ensued. The sudden flow of large amounts of money, goods and services to the affected region has, however, fed widespread fears of monetary losses due to corruption, waste and mismanagement. Following the tsunami, Transparency International (TI) has worked to address the risk of corruption in relief and reconstruction efforts. At the regional level, the TI-Secretariat has helped bring together key stakeholders at an �Expert Meeting on Corruption Prevention in Tsunami Relief� held in Jakarta on 7-8 April 2005. Key conclusions from the meeting are available on the TI-Secretariat website.

Anti-Corruption Handbook

Developed by Transparency International, �The Anti-Corruption Handbook� (ACH) is a practical tool which aims to assist the process of design and application of anti-corruption reform measures. Intended as a one-stop reference for practitioners from all over the world, the Handbook provides a unique and up-to-date overview of key policy reform elements, developing a framework for their effective implementation illustrated by examples of good practice. The formal launch of the ACH will take place around September 2005, when all sections will be completed, but the Access to Information page is already available.