June 2007 (#77)

In this update:

  • Global Corruption Report 2007
  • New Anti-Corruption Training Manual
  • Debarment Discussion Paper
  • United Nations Convention against Corruption
  • Latest News from the Transparency International Newsroom
  • Recommended Reading
  • Coming Events

Global Corruption Report 2007

Transparency International�s GCR 2007 focuses on corruption in judicial systems. It contains short articles from 90 contributors. They discuss either the problems of judges in particular countries or themes and remedies. For example, Eva Joly comments on the loss of influence of investigating magistrates in France. The only article included from an Australian is the prosecution�s perspective from Nicholas Cowdery, the NSW DPP. Judicial corruption usually falls into two categories: political interference in the judicial process by the legislative or executive branch, and bribery. The importance of both an independent judiciary and accountability cannot be over-emphasised.

New Anti-Corruption Training Manual

Transparency International has developed an Anti-Corruption Training Manual specifically for the construction and engineering sectors. The Manual aims to help users achieve a better understanding of corruption and how to avoid it. Section 1 provides an overview of what constitutes corruption, who may be liable for corruption, and how it may be avoided. Section 2 provides 47 detailed examples of corruption throughout the project cycle. Section 3 provides some simple anti-corruption rules which individuals should follow (and which companies could impose on their employees) to try to ensure that no corruption offences are committed. Section 4 provides practical advice as to what individuals and companies should do when faced with a potentially corrupt situation.

Debarment Discussion Paper

In May 2007, the UK Anti-Corruption Forum published a discussion paper titled �Fair and Efficient Debarment Procedures�. The Forum supports the use of debarment �or blacklisting� of offenders as one of a range of anti-corruption actions. The discussion paper recommends certain minimum requirements. In particular, it is vital that debarment procedures are implemented in accordance with good judicial practice, are transparent, are uniformly applied, and provide incentives as well as penalties.

United Nations Convention against Corruption

The United Nations (U.N.) Convention against Corruption (the Convention) entered into force 14 December 2005. As of 10 February 2007, there were 140 states signatories and 84 ratifications/accessions to the Convention, with the United States (U.S.) ratifying it 30 October 2006. Read more about this and other international issues on the American Society of International Law website.

Latest News from the Transparency International Newsroom

Recently released articles include:

  • G8: Now Act on Your Promises: a statement about the 2007 G8 Communiqu�.
  • TI South Asia chapters call for judicial integrity, access to information law: at their annual regional meeting, the five South Asian chapters of Transparency International (TI) have called on all South Asian countries to give urgent priority to preventing corruption in judicial systems and to promoting integrity in this vital institution of democracy.

Recommended Reading

The Writing on the Wall: China and the West in the 21st Century by Will Hutton, Governor of the London School of Economics and Chief Executive of the Work Foundation (Little, Brown, 2006). A review in The Age newspaper commented that Hutton �not only makes sense of the staggeringly complex situation of contemporary China but also suggests a solution to its problems in which we can all invest�. Chapter 5 is of special interest.

Curbing Corruption in Public Procurement: Handbook, TI 2006 Based on practical experiences from Asia and Transparency International, and tailored to civil society and local governments, the Handbook provides an overview of the problem of corruption in public contracting and offers suggestions and experiences of how this problem can be addressed. The book features case studies from Indonesia, Malaysia, and Pakistan. This hands-on-guide to reducing corruption in procurement is available from TI in hardback or by clicking on the link below.

Kickback: Inside the Australian Wheat Board Scandal by Caroline Overington (Allen and Unwin, 2007) A review in The Australian newspaper (19 May 2007) gives a detailed overview of the book.

Coming Events

7-13 October 2007: the University of Passau, Germany, offers its annual program �The Economics of Corruption – A University Training on Good Governance and Reform�. This international event continues to be offered on a pro bono basis. It joins the world of research with the world of practice, attracting graduate and post-graduate students in the social sciences and anti-corruption policymakers and practitioners. The program consists of training modules, lectures, workshop sessions, case studies, and poster and keynote presentations.

23-26 October 2007: inaugural Australian Public Sector Anti-Corruption (APSAC) Conference to be held in Sydney (conference days are 24-25 October). The APSAC Conference is being held by the New South Wales Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC), the Queensland Crime and Misconduct Commission (CMC) and the Western Australia Corruption and Crime Commission (CCC). TI Australia is a conference sponsor.