Mining for Sustainable Development

Combatting corruption in mining approvals

Transparent and accountable mining can contribute to sustainable development – this begins with corruption-free approval processes.

Transparency International’s Mining for Sustainable Development Programme (M4SD) addresses where and how corruption can get a foothold in the mining approvals process – we are combatting corruption before ground is even broken.

Working with Transparency International national chapters from across the globe, the programme is building foundations for accountable and transparent mining that benefits communities, and supports social and economic development. View our factsheet.

Phase I Participating National Chapters

Armenia, Australia, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, Indonesia, Kenya, Liberia, Mongolia, Peru, Papua New Guinea, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Two Phases


Assessing corruption risks

National chapters from 18 resource-rich countries conducted risk assessments to understand the nature and source of corruption risks in mining approval processes. The Mining Awards Corruption Risk Assessment (MACRA) Tool was developed specically to conduct these assessments.

The global analysis report, Combatting corruption in mining approvals: assessing the risks in 18 resource-rich countries sets out the findings from the research.


Addressing corruption risks

National chapters will develop and implement action plans to prevent corruption risks identified in Phase I. They will work with key stakeholders – government, civil society, local communities, and the mining industry – as part of a global strategy to build trust, improve transparency, and influence behaviour change in the mining sector.

The programme will advocate for the improvement of national and international policy and practice, and the strengthening of existing mining transparency initiatives and standards.

M4SD Global Workshops

We’ve brought together our partners in two major global workshops – to share ideas, insights, perspectives and strategies.
Only by working together can we tackle corruption.


  • Led by Transparency International Australia, acting as a global Centre of Expertise;
  • Put into practice by Transparency International national chapters and local stakeholders;
  • Supported by the Transparency International Secretariat.

Funded in Phase I by BHP Billiton Foundation and the Australian Government through the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).