Environmental impact assessments

Environmental impact assessments

Before a mining company is given an approval to mine, it must conduct a thorough assessment of the proposed project’s environmental and social impact.

The environmental impact statement is crucial for governments to decide whether to give a mining project the green light and how to protect the environment and communities from any harm that project may cause.

Properly verifying environmental and social impact assessments (ESIAs) ensures that the potential impacts of mining developments are identified before work starts. This enables government authorities to impose effective licence conditions to manage these impacts by requiring mining enterprises to develop and implement effective mitigation plans.

Thorough verification of ESIAs makes it more likely that a licence applicant will provide a robust and effective ESIA that does not contain misleading or fraudulent statements or that omits critical information.

Capacity to verify ESIAs

How accountable are companies for their environmental and social impact?

Our factsheet collates some of the key corruption risks identified in our global research, spanning 18 jurisdictions.

Australia: when mining gets the green light

Transparency International Australia’s focused research in Queensland and Western Australia found important corruption risks in the environmental impact statement process.

This research produced a series of factsheets, process maps and a guide to support a more robust and accessible process.

Australia mining

Canada - a risk assessment of the environmental assessment process

In this report TI Canada analyzes the transparency and accountability of EA processes in three of Canada’s largest mining operation and exploration jurisdictions (Ontario, British Columbia, and Yukon).

It details strengths and weaknesses in existing EA processes and details several recommendations for greater transparency and accountability through clarity enhancing measures, closing loopholes, and strengthening mechanisms for oversight and stakeholder consultation.

Find out more