Chile is the world’s largest copper producer, accounting for 31% of global production and 30% of the world’s reserves.
In recent years, mining has accounted for around 15% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The central-northern regions are home to the largest number of mining companies, especially in the regions of Antofagasta and Atacama.
Like other sectors, mining is not exempt from conflict, be it environmental or social. In recent times, both local communities and citizens have mobilised when they feel that their quality of life could be negatively affected by a new project. Most social conflicts surrounding the extractive industry are caused by environmental problems.
The mining sector plays a key role in Chile’s development. If the sector is affected by corruption, a series of negative consequences will be felt in different spheres of the country. Likewise, in the country there is currently a great crisis of trust towards public and private institutions. Initiatives such as this research and action can help to improve the sector’s image and increase confidence among different stakeholders such as communities, suppliers, civil society organisations, and others. The environmental conflicts the sector is experiencing and concerns about misconduct also appear as crucial areas to improve transparency levels, strengthening the mechanisms that mitigate corruption risks in the Chilean mining sector.