A lack of transparency and accountability in the awarding of mining sector licences, permits and contracts – the first stage in the mining value chain – is a root cause of corruption in the mining sector.
Yet many initiatives to improve governance and prevent corruption in oil, gas and mining industries do not focus fully or exclusively on the mining sector, or this stage of the value chain.
The MACRA Tool fills this gap by helping users to identify and assess the underlying causes of corruption in mining sector awards – the risks that create opportunities for corruption, and undermine the lawful, compliant and ethical awarding of mining sector licences, permits and contracts.
Developed for Transparency International’s Mining for Sustainable Development Programme (M4SD), the Tool has been used across 20 mining jurisdictions, and identifies more than 80 common corruption risks. It has proved to be a highly effective framework to identify and assess the risk factors that create vulnerabilities to corruption at this critical stage.