Here are some featured publications from TIA, the Transparency International Secretariat, and other Transparency International chapters.
Corruption Perceptions Index 2018 ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption according to experts and businesspeople, uses a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean. More than two-thirds of countries score below 50 on this year’s CPI, with an average score of just 43.
It reveals that the continued failure of most countries to significantly control corruption is contributing to a crisis in democracy around the world. While there are exceptions, the data shows that despite some progress, most countries are failing to make serious inroads against corruption.
Exporting Corruption – 2018 Progress Report is an independent assessment of the enforcement of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Anti-Bribery Convention, which requires parties to criminalise bribery of foreign public officials and introduce related measures. The Convention is a key instrument for curbing global corruption because the 44 signatory countries are responsible for approximately 65 per cent of world exports and more than 75 per cent of total foreign direct investment outflows. The report has been prepared by Transparency International, with contributions from our national chapters and experts in 41 OECD Convention countries, as well as in China, Hong Kong SAR, India and Singapore.
G20 Leaders or Laggards? reviews G20 countries’ promises on ending anonymous companies. Australia has still a long way to go to live up to the promises made at the Brisbane G20 Summit in 2014. Leaders or Laggards? is an update to Just for Show?, the first review Transparency International did in 2015.
Combatting corruption in mining approvals: assessing the risks in 18 resource-rich countries is the first in depth study to look at the very start of the mining process, when decisions are made about whether, where, and under what circumstances mining is permitted. It is based on research carried out by Transparency International in a diverse range of countries involving stakeholders from civil society, multilateral organisations, the mining industry and governments.
Corruption Risks: Mining Approvals in Australia investigated mining approvals in Western Australia and Queensland using the Mining Awards Corruption Risk Assessment (MACRA) risk assessment tool. In Western Australia, the research focussed on the investigation of exploration licences, mining leases, State Agreement Acts and Native Title mining agreements (expedited process and right to negotiate); and in Queensland, it focussed on mining leases and environmental approvals for large infrastructure mines under State and Commonwealth law.
The Mining Awards Corruption Risk Assessment (MACRA) Tool helps users to identify and assess the underlying causes of corruption in mining sector awards – the risks that create opportunities for corruption, and undermine the lawful, compliant and ethical awarding of mining sector licences, permits and contracts.
Doors Wide Open. The real estate market has long provided a way for individuals to secretly launder or invest stolen money and other illicitly gained funds. Not only do expensive apartments in New York, London or Paris raise the social status of their owners and enhance their luxurious lifestyles, but they are also an easy and convenient place to hide hundreds of millions of dollars from criminal investigators, tax authorities or others tracking criminal behaviour and the proceeds of crime.
The Business Principles for Countering Bribery provide a framework for companies to develop comprehensive anti-bribery programmes. Whilst many large companies have no-bribes policies all too few implement these policies effectively. We encourage companies to consider using the business principles as a starting point for developing their own anti-bribery programmes or to benchmark existing ones.
The Business Case for ‘Speaking Up’. The business case for companies to adopt robust internal reporting mechanisms is clear. Such mechanisms enable staff to speak up about legal or ethical misconduct. They help protect companies from the effects of misconduct, including legal liability, serious financial losses and lasting reputational harm. Effective internal reporting mechanisms also foster a corporate culture of trust and responsiveness. Companies have found that such mechanisms provide real benefits to their culture, brand, long-term value creation and growth.
Tainted Treasures: Money Laundering Risks in Luxury Markets. From Ukraine to Tunisia and Brazil, large-scale cases of grand corruption in recent years have involved the acquisition of luxury property, vehicles and goods. This report examines the risk of luxury goods and assets being used to launder the proceeds of corruption, including in the art world and the marketplaces for super-yachts, precious stones and jewels, high-end apparel and accessories, and real estate.
Managing Third Party Risk: Only as strong as your weakest link provides practical advice on addressing the challenges of managing third party bribery risk. Although aimed at larger companies, the content may also be helpful to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) as well as regulators, prosecuting agencies and professional advisers.
Wise Counsel or Dark Arts? Principles and guidance for responsible corporate political engagement provides practical advice on addressing the challenges of managing political engagement. It is also designed to assist lobbyists, trade bodies, regulators, law-makers, investors, prosecuting agencies and professional advisers who may wish to refer to a Transparency International (TI) position when forming their own approach and decisions.
The Global Corruption Report (GCR) on Sport is the most comprehensive analysis of sports corruption to date. It consists of more than 60 contributions from leading experts in the fields of corruption and sport, from sports organisations, governments, multilateral institutions, sponsors, athletes, supporters, academia and the wider anti-corruption movement.