joint statement

1 November 2022

Transition minerals open statement for COP27

Transparency International Australia joined More than 230 organisations calling on COP leaders to urgently ensure the exploitation of transition minerals doesn’t undermine a just and equitable energy transition

COP27 is a key moment to initiate a real shift in the way minerals are extracted and used, and to look at solutions that will reduce dependence on mining.

See Transparency International’s Accountable Mining Program’s latest report on critical minerals and corruption risks

 

The world needs to stop burning fossil fuels. Climate change is already happening and to prevent the worst impacts we must accelerate the just transition to cleaner, safer energy.

In moving to renewable energy technologies, the world will be swapping reliance on one set of natural resources for another. An estimated sixfold increase in the production of minerals such as cobalt, lithium, nickel and copper will be required to help produce, transport, store and use electricity produced by cleaner sources such as wind, water and sun.

But the extraction of minerals is already beset by corruption and opacity, and mining often takes place at great cost to the health and livelihoods of local people. Research indicates that women and girls, Indigenous peoples and environmental defenders are disproportionately harmed by mining. Local communities are often excluded from decision-making and see little economic benefit from extraction. The sector is also environmentally damaging and contributes significantly to climate change.

Fierce competition, demand and pursuit of profit in the transition mineral rush will increase pressure on producing countries to “fast-track” licensing and open up mining in sensitive and high risk areas. This leaves the process open to corruption and worsens human rights and environmental abuses, in particular pollution and contamination of water and land gravely affecting the health of workers and surrounding populations. These impacts are already felt most by indigenous and land-based communities on the front lines of extraction.

Mining for transition minerals which is marred by poor governance, corruption, overconsumption and little care for people and the planet will only slow climate action. 

Huge amounts of resources will be flowing into the energy sources of the future. It is vital that the emerging transition minerals market is well-regulated, transparent, just and equitable, and does not replicate the exploitation and injustices of the past. This requires an urgent coordinated effort to transform the way minerals are extracted and consumed.

COP27 is an important moment for the international community to initiate a real shift in the way minerals are extracted and used, and secure binding commitments to tackle climate change. Failing to put people at the centre of the required energy transition will result in it being both inadequate to tackle the climate crisis, and unjust for the most vulnerable people in the world.

To ensure responsible extraction, sourcing and processing of transition minerals that contribute to a successful energy transition, governments, companies, international institutions and investors must:

Centre people & planet: 

  • Base the decision to extract on a holistic assessment of the true costs and benefits of minerals extraction and processing. This goes beyond mineral sales proceeds, to look at the impact on people, the environment, biodiversity and the climate.
  • Respect mining-exclusion zones to protect people and the environment in high risk areas.
  • Ensure meaningful consultation and participation for all communities affected by mining. Indigenous peoples’ Free, Prior and Informed Consent must be prioritised and respected, including the right to give or withhold consent as aligned with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
  • Only extract minerals in line with the most rigorous international human rights and environmental standards through meaningful, transparent and gender-responsive mandatory human rights and environmental due diligence. Guarantee effective, independent monitoring of mitigation and corrective measures.
  • Support a global moratorium on deep sea mining until adequate scientific research is undertaken to understand the impacts on deep sea biodiversity, and ensure decision-making at international level – including by the International Seabed Authority, is transparent, accountable, inclusive and participatory.
  • Develop and prioritise mining approaches that minimise social, environmental and climate impacts. This includes cooperating to design circular solutions and technologies that reduce the overall consumption of transition minerals, increase reuse, and reduce the carbon footprint of the sector.

Strengthen governance & anti-corruption:

  • Adopt and champion the comprehensive disclosure of contracts and licences (including annexes), project-level payments to governments by mining companies and commodity traders, beneficial ownership information, and transparency in the procurement of goods and services. The EITI Standard is a starting point to ensure transparency in mineral extraction.
  • Explicitly identify and mitigate corruption risks throughout all activities and operations, with specific attention paid to high risk processes such as the award of licences, permits and approvals, procurement, commodity sales and trading, and state-owned companies. The OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals is a starting point to initiate this work.
  • Implement Integrity Due Diligence, including fit and proper person criteria, to all participants in the mineral supply chain.
  • Implement legal frameworks to protect the rights of activists, whistle-blowers, human rights and land defenders, journalists and independent media, and dismantle laws and policies that hinder free civil society and media.

Ensure a globally equitable transition:

  • Prevent political and business elites from capturing transition minerals for personal profit. This lowers the benefit to the citizens, deepens inequalities, and increases the costs of transition minerals.
  • Implement transparent and equitable proceeds and tax management, including planning for proceeds volatility. Allocate proceeds to sustainable development projects that enable a just transition and economic diversification and ensure that frontline communities – particularly women – see benefits from mining.
  • Ensure transition minerals drive a truly global energy transition for all countries, not just developed countries. This includes ensuring global support and investment to enable host countries to develop stronger economies and employment, for example through in-country processing of transition minerals and local procurement.
  • Prioritise policies and investments aimed at reducing consumption, including increasing funding and resources for public transport, energy efficiency and other demand reduction initiatives, and through investing in materials recycling and reuse.
  • Create and strengthen safe global, national and local spaces where people can engage meaningfully on energy transition policy and legislation, with particular attention given to spaces for traditionally marginalised groups such as women and gender minorities, Indigenous peoples, ethnic minorities and young people.

Signatory organisations:

Publish What You Pay Global/United Kingdom
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre Global/United Kingdom
Deep Sea Mining Campaign Global
Earthjustice Global/United States
EarthRights International Global/United States
Earthworks Global/United States
Environmental Defender Law Center Global/United States
Global Witness Global/United Kingdom
Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) Global/US
Open Contracting Partnership Global/US
Open Society Foundations Global
Oxfam Global
Society for Threatened Peoples Global/Switzerland
The Future We Need Global
Transparency International Secretariat Global/Germany
African Climate Foundation Africa
Institut Panos Afrique de l’Ouest Africa/Senegal
PACJA Africa/Senegal
Tax Justice Network Africa Africa
Albanian Center for development and Integration Albania
Centre for Transparency and Freedom of Information Albania
Legisladores x el Ambiente ALC Argentina
Observatorio Petrolero Sur Argentina
Jubilee Australia Research Centre Australia
Nook Studios Australia
PWYP Australia Australia
SJ Around the Bay Australia
Transparency International Australia Australia
“Constitution” Researches Foundation Azerbaijan
“Young Leaders” Education-Training and Development Publc Union Azerbaijan
Agricultural industrial engineers PU Azerbaijan
Care for the elderlu intelectuals PU Azerbaijan
Democracy Monitor PU Azerbaijan
Fund “Constitution” Researches Foundation Azerbaijan
Oil Workers’ Rights Protection Organization Public Union Azerbaijan
Social Strategicall Recerh and Analiticall Investigation Public Union Azerbaijan
Young Power in Social Action (YPSA) Bangladesh
Fundacion Jubileo Bolivia
Instituto Brasileiro de Análises Sociais e Econômicas (Ibase) Brazil
Instituto Talanoa Brazil
ABDER-BIO-DEV Burkina Faso
Coalition Mine’Alert PCQVP-BF Burkina Faso
PCQVP Burkina Faso Burkina Faso
Plateforme Tenures foncière, forestière, genre et changement climatique (TENFOREST) Burkina Faso
AGAGES MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS Cameroun
CAFAGB (CELLULE ASSOCIATIVE DES FEMMES ACTIVES POUR LA GOUVERNANCE LES DROITS HUMAINS ET LE BIEN-ETRE Cameroun
CRADEC Cameroun
Engineers Without Borders Canada Canada
MiningWatch Canada Canada
CIEDD-RCA Central African Republic
Femme et Environnement “BG” Central African Republic
Fundación Tantí Chile
Fundación Terram Chile
ABC COLOMBIA- SOMOS TERRITORIO Colombia
Corporación Conciudadanía Colombia
Fundación Avina Colombia
Fundación Foro Nacional por Colombia Colombia
Fundación Foro Nacional por Colombia – Capítulo suroccidente Colombia
Mesa de Sociedad Civil para la Transparencia en las Industrias Extractivas Colombia
Pastoral Social Regional Suroriente Colombiano Colombia
Transparencia por Colombia Colombia
ACAT-Congo Congo Republic
PCQVP Congo Congo Republic
Rencontre pour la Paix et les Droits de l’Homme (RPDH) Congo Republic
ASADHO Democratic Republic of Congo
Centre National d’appui au développement et à la participation populaire , CENADEP Democratic Republic of Congo
Grupo FARO Ecuador
CEID_GE Equatorial Guinea
International Business and Economic Development Center Georgia
Heinrich-Böll Foundation Germany
Transparency International Deutschland e.V. Germany
Fundación Prosperiti Guatecivica Guatemala
Coordinación de ONG y Cooperativas CONGCOOP Guatemala
Coligação Publicar o Que Você Paga Guiné-Bissau
Action Mines Guinée Guinea
Association Guinéenne pour la Transparence Guinea
CECIDE Guinea
Confédération Nationale des Travailleurs de Guinée Guinea
Féderation Syndicale Professionnelle de Mines, Carrieres, Industries Chimiques et Assimilées- FSPMCICA – CNTG Guinea
Mohamed Cissé Guinea
Observatoire Guinéen des Mines et Métaux (OGMM) Guinea
PCQVP Guinée Guinea
Anchalik Surakshya Committee India
ENVIRONICS TRUST India
Goa Foundation India
Mineral Inheritors Rights Association India
FKPMR (Forum Komunikasi Pemuka Masyarakat Riau / Communication Forum of Riau Community Leader) Indonesia
Indonesian Center for Environmental Law Indonesia
Institute For Ecologocal Study (INFESt) Indonesia
Laili Khairnur Indonesia
Lembaga Pemberdayaan dan Aksi Demokrasi (LPAD) Riau Indonesia
POKJA 30 Indonesia
PWYP Indonesia Indonesia
Solidaritas Masyarakat untuk Transparansi Nusa Tenggara Barat (SOMASI-NTB) Indonesia
Indonesian Parliamentary Center Indonesia
Lembaga studi dan bantuan hukum (LSBH) NTB Indonesia
PATTIRO SERANG BANTEN Indonesia
Perkumpulan PADI Indonesia Indonesia
Haw Organization for Education Iraq
Iraqi Individual Development Council Iraq
The Iraqi Reconstruction Institute Iraq
Ther Development Center Iraq
Woman for Supporting Woman Association Iraq
جمعية الانبثاق للتنمية والتطوير الاقتصادي Iraq
مؤسسه آشور للتنميه وحقوق الإنسان Iraq
مجلس تنمية وتطوير الفرد العراقي Iraq
معهد أكد الثقافي Iraq
منظمة أوان للتوعية وتنمية القدرات Iraq
منظمة هناالشباب Iraq
منظمه سند البصره لحقوق الانسان Iraq
منظمه مبدعون للتنميه Iraq
Humanitarian Alkhair organization Iraq
Aide, Assistance et Developpement Communautaire de Côte d’Ivoire (ADC-CI) Ivory Coast
Initiative for Youth Ivory Coast
SOCIAL JUSTICE Ivory Coast
Civil Expertise Kazakhstan
Echo Public Association Kazakhstan
Liberty Kazakhstan
ОО Комитет по общественному контролю за исполнением государственных программ на местном уровне Kazakhstan
Transparency International Kenya Kenya
Kenya Civil Society Platform on Oil and Gas Kenya
Kuwait Transparency Society Kuwait
ОФ Кожой Серек Kyrgyzstan
Human Development Center “Tree of Life” Kyrgyzstan
Diaries of the Ocean Lebanon
I’mpossible Lebanon
The Lebanese Oil and Gas Initiative Lebanon
OBBA Lebanon
Organization for Petroleum & Energy Sustainability OPES Lebanon
Alliance Voahary Gasy Madagascar
Catholic Relief Services Madagascar
KMF/CNOE – Education des citoyens Madagascar
PCQVP Madagascar Madagascar
Transparency International – Initiative Madagascar Madagascar
Natural Resources Justice Network Malawi
PWYP Malawi (Nyika Institute) Malawi
FDS Fondation pour le Développement au Sahel Mali
ONG Guamina Mali
PCQVP-Mali Mali
Réseau pour le Développement Local et ‘l’Autopromotion de la Famille RDL/AFEF Mali
SECO-ONG/Mali Mali
Initiative Africaine pour le Développement Intégré au Sahel IADIS Mali
Coalition Mauritanienne PCQVP Mauritania
ONG Mer Bleue Mauritania
CartoCrítica. Investigación, mapas y datos para la sociedad civil Mexico
Climate Finance Group for Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico
Engenera, A.C Mexico
Tsikini Mexico
Open Society Forum Mongolia Mongolia
Steps Without borders NGO Mongolia
Монголын Байгаль Эхийн Аврал Сан төрийн бус байгууллага Mongolia
ТӨЛСӨН,АВСАНАА НИЙТЭЛ(ТАН) Моngolia
Ховдын толь сонин ТББ Mongolia
Project HEARD Netherlands
APAISE-NIGER Niger
Réseau de la Jeunesse Nigérienne sur le Changement Climatique RJNCC Niger
ROTAB Niger
Africa Network for Environment and Economic Justice (ANEEJ) Nigeria
New Apostolic Centre for Development (NCD) Nigeria
Spaces for Change Nigeria
African Centre for Leadership, Strategy & Development (Centre LSD) Nigeria
Transparency International Norway Norway
CooperAccion Peru
Derecho, Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (DAR) Peru
Foro Ecológico del Perú Peru
Grupo Propuesta Ciudadana Peru
Alyansa Tigil Mina (ATM) Philippines
Bantay Kita, Inc. (PWYP Philippines) Philippines
Center for Energy,Ecology and Development (CEED Philippines) Philippines
Friends of the Earth Scotland Scotland
ACCES Senegal
AJTREX Senegal
APVM/Sahel Lutte contre les changements climatiques au Sahel Senegal
ARTICLE 19 WEST AFRICA Senegal
ASPRODDEL / Kédougou Senegal
CQVP Sénégal Senegal
FAPD Senegal
GIPS/WAR Senegal
Goree Institute Senegal
ONDH Senegal
Osidea Senegal
Réseau Ouest Africain des Jeunes Femmes Leaders (ROAJELF/SENEGAL) Senegal
Observatoire de Suivi des Indicateurs de Développement Économique en Afrique (OSIDEA) Senegal
MACUA (Mining affected communities united in action) South Africa
Civil Society Coalition on Natural Resources South Sudan
Stichting Projekta Suriname
Public Eye Switzerland
Public Organisation “Zanoni Sharq” Tajikistan
Общественная организация “Анбоз” (ранее “Лочвар”) Tajikistan
ACTIONS FOR DEMOCRACY AND LOCAL GOVERNANCE (ADLG) Tanzania
Organisation Tchadienne Anti-Corruption (OTAC) Tchad
ONG ACOMB Togo
PCQVP Togo Togo
Association Tunisienne de Droit du Développement Tunisia
ASSOCIATION TUNISIENNE DES CONTROLEURS PUBLICS Tunisia
ATGL Tunisia
Tunisian network for transparency in energy and mining Tunisia
Tunisie Écologie Tunisia
الشبكة التونسية للشفافية في الطاقة والمناجم Tunisia
مركز المواطنة والديمقراطية Tunisia
Centre for Citizens Conserving Environment & Management (CECIC) Uganda
Agency for Development and Cooperation Ukraine
Energy Transparency Association Ukraine
Local economic development agency of Yavoriv dictrict Ukraine
NGO NEW Energy Ukraine
Poltava branch of Public Service of Ukraine Ukraine
DiXi Group Ukraine
NGO FLORA Ukraine
Донецька обласна Г О Народний контроль Ukraine
London Mining Network United Kingdom
Rights and Accountability in Development (RAID) United Kingdom
Uplift United Kingdom
Bank Information Center United States
Fridays for Future U.S. United States
Friends of the Earth United States United States
Great Basin Resource Watch United States
PWYP – US United States
PanNature Vietnam
All Girls Foundation for Development Yemen
الجمعية التونسية للبيئة والطبيعة بقابس Yemen
الجمعية التونسية للعدالة البيئية و الصحية بالرديف Yemen
المنتدى الاجماعي الديمقراطي Yemen
تحالف الشفافية في الصناعات الاستخراجية- اليمن Yemen
جمعية الحوض المنجمي للاستثمار و التنمية Yemen
جمعية الرقي المدني – عضو الشبكة التونسية للشفافية في الطاقة والمناجم Yemen
جمعية حماية البيئة بذهيبة Yemen
جمعية مسار للتنمية Yemen
جنوبيات من اجل السلام Yemen
Felix Consulting Yemen
Studies & Economic Media Center Yemen
Development Education Community Project Zambia
Transparency International Zambia Zambia
PWYP Zimbabwe Zimbabwe

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